Headgate, preferably with a squeeze chute. Some tags are attached to the ear with a special rivet-type button. > By Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service, Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. By Julie Walker, Extension Area Beef Specialist, Ft. Pierre Kevin Vaith, Extension Educator, Huron - Individual identification of cattle can be accomplished using various techniques such as ear tags, freeze brands, or tattoos. Clean the area of the ear to be tattooed with a cloth and a compound, which will kill viruses. Label the index card with the owner’s name, the animal’s tattoo/tag number, and the date. The methods are: 1. | Home Available at: The print on the left was taken in May, and the print on the right was taken in November of the same year. Colored blank tags give you considerable flexibility in developing your own identification system. You can find positive matching, using areas no larger than a nickel. Why is it important to dry the skin before applying ink for a noseprint? Animal identification is influenced by a number of factors: 5. The incidence of stolen cattle is exacerbated by the great importance attached to cattle in some rural communities and has escalated due to deficiencies of traditional forms of identification to aid in tracking and tracing stolen livestock (Okoli and Agada 2014). Methods of Breeding: There are two methods of cattle breeding: natural breeding and artificial insemination. There are several methods that can be used to identify individual animals. Answer. This article is concerned only with methods of identification of cattle on the farm. S5.10 A person must not place a permanent brand on the head of cattle. Individual cow identification in the dairy cattle management sector is used to ensure no cow remains anonymous and to ensure the health condition and performance of each individual animal can be immediately tracked and managed. Visit a beef cattle operation and observe branding, ear tagging, and tattooing operations. Which cows were bred to the new herd sire? Ask for the instructions when you purchase your tags. Currently, cattle in the U.S. are traced using a variety of systems and methods depending on the state in which the cattle are located, the age of cattle, and the type of identification the cattle may, or may not have. “Freeze branding can be a powerful combination identification, marketing and risk-reducing tool. Plastic livestock ear tags are the most common form of tag because they are cost effective and they are highly visible. The two components of a cattle identification system are the of marking or numbering cattle. Plus, it just pops against the cattle’s natural hair color and looks cool,” Kleiboeker concludes. The National Livestock Identification System (NLIS) is Australia's system for tracing cattle, sheep and goats from birth to slaughter. Local County Extension Educator at http://agweb/okstate.edu/fourh/ and open links. This method involves gentle press of a heated number or symbol on the body of the animal. The best way to do this is to use the headgate and squeeze chute. Method # 1. Advantages: faster application time The ink noseprinting procedure is simple enough to be practical. Also, breed associations require permanent identification for registered animals; and some steer shows require steers to be permanently identified at the time of nomination. With the help of your leader, get noseprints of some cattle the next time you have them in a squeeze chute. Take two prints from two or more animals, and try to match the prints. Management Information Systems Commons, Home Liquid nitrogen. Conference: Construction, Engineering and Environment in Livestock Farming, Stuttgart (D), 6-7 March (pp. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some common methods of breeding of cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, donkeys, mules, camels, etc. To do a good, safe job of ear tagging, you must restrain the animal so that it cannot move its head. 0 1 2. The areas circled were used to make a positive match on these two prints. This is a guide to help you understand the different physical characteristics that make each bovine breed unique so that you can make the proper judgement on what breed a bovine may or may not be. 12 Cattle identification discussion paper public consultation version 1.3.13 Page 3 of 14 S5.9 A person must use appropriate methods and techniques to identify cattle that are applicable to the production system. Flexible plastic tags are probably the most widely used for cattle identification. A good tattoo and eartag in the same ear. Publications provided by eartag manufacturers. The most common form of identification is the ear tag. Each design or pattern of ridges and grooves is specific for that individual animal. Using the piece of wood as a support, immediately press the index card against the muzzle and lift the print. Freeze branding methods - pros and cons. Cattle raiding is a perennial problem that now disturbs the Nigerian economy. Discuss cost, ease of application, and other factors. Be sure you have proper working facilities or enough assistance to hold the calf and prevent sudden movements of its head. Series4 Visit a livestock supply store, examine the tags available, and select the type that will meet your needs. One of the most important management techniques that you can use is cattle identification. Stamp pad. Visit with your Extension educator and cattlemen in your area to learn which tags have a high success rate. Avoid hairy areas, pigmented areas, the edges of the ear, and cartilage ribs. If you are registering cattle with a breed association, find out exactly what kind of numbering and identification systems the association uses and what information goes in each ear. Close the pliers quickly and firmly and then release quickly to avoid tearing the ear. Some farmers will identify their females sequentially when … 1. With the help of your volunteer leader, develop your tattooing and ear tagging skills by practicing on some market cattle. It is normally done when the animals are very young or before they are weaned. Transfer the information to your permanent record book immediately. Most tag manufacturers provide printed instructions on how to attach their tags properly. They are most often used to show numerical sequence for identity. Without it, you cannot keep records on your animals. Remember these two important steps to get good noseprints: thoroughly dry the muzzle before applying the ink, and quickly lift the print before perspiration appears.