They can spread to other trees in the area, and they can quickly take over and kill the tree. Black Cherry medicinal uses. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The fruit of Prunus serotina is mainly suitable for the production of jams and various fruit pies. The cherry tree itself can reach heights of 100 feet, or approximately 30 metres, although the average is 80ft (24 metres), with a tall trunk of around 24 inches (61 cm) in diameter. Black cherry, as the name suggests, has a darker skin than the traditional red cherry and is a common ingredient in pies, ice-creams, jellies, sodas, liquors and other foods. Researchers have shown that Prunus serotina juice helps in improving and treating arthritis. It can grow up to 22 metres tall when it grows in southern Ontario. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. This is a simple video explaining the medicinal value of the Black Cherry tree. Black cherry (Prunus serotina) is an attractive deciduous tree that reaches heights of 50 to 80 feet at maturity. Black cherry wood is highly valued for use in cabinetry and fine woodworking. It is also used for paneling, interior trim, veneers, handles, crafts, toys, and scientific instruments. M.H. Black Cherry, also known as Prunus Serotina, is a type of woody plant, which belongs to the family of Prunus.The species is mainly found in North and South America. The flowers offer nectar and pollen as enticements to a variety of bee and fly species who need this food… Although the fruit is too bitter for snacking, black cherry syrup is used to make flavorful jams, jellies, liqueurs and wines. Wild black cherry, mountain black cherry, rum cherry Uses Black cherry wood is a rich reddish-brown color and is strong, hard, and close-grained – one of the most valued cabinet and furniture woods in North America. Apart from its most popular uses, wild cherry tree bark can confer various other health benefits. The bark and fruit are used to make medicine. North Carolina State University Extension: Prunus Serotina, Fairfax County Public Schools: Black Cherry, U. S. Department of Agriculture: Black Cherry. Black cherry is an important forest tree for wildlife because of its fruit. However, the bark of a cherry tree is very thin, making it easy to draw sap from the wood. Wild cherry bark tea is commonly use by herbalists to improve digestive problems. Planting Tips. The Prunus serotina juice helps prevent plaque formation and maintains the oral hygiene of a person. Cherry is a deciduous hardwood that possesses a fine, straight grain ranging from reddish brown to blond. Names of Black Cherry in various languages of the world are also given. Also known as wild cherry, black cherry is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3b through 9a. These cherries are smaller and more tart than the domestic varieties. Black cherry (Prunus serotina) is an attractive deciduous tree that reaches heights of 50 to 80 feet at maturity. Theres some evidence that black cherry bark may work as a cough suppressant; interestingly, it may be the cyanogenic glycosides (see below) that both help decrease the cough mechanism while being toxic in high doses. 10 Magical Ways to use Cherry Fruit. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Its a common ingredient in over-the-counter cough medicines. The fruit also provides sustenance for a large variety of birds, including sparrows, mockingbirds, chickadees, woodpeckers, robins, bluebirds, cardinals and bluejays. How Soon Does a Black Cherry Prunus Serotina Tree Make Cherries? List of various diseases cured by Black Cherry. One can easily identify a mature Black Cherry plant in the forest due to its broken and very dark or black bark, which in reality is very thick and burnt. Wilted leaves of black cherry are more poisonous than fresh leaves. The black cherry tree or Prunus Serotina is also planted for ornamental purposes. This underscores the importance of using such botanical medicines under the guidance of a health professional. This forms elongated swellings on the tree’s woody parts, and these swellings can reach up to 12 inches long. Black cherry displays fragrant white blooms in early spring and reddish-black berries in summer. Unlike the case with maple trees, many people have no idea how to use sap from cherry trees or even if it can be used at all. The inner bark is an ingredient in a type of cough syrup. Lumber from black cherry trees has been in high demand by cabinetmakers, fine furniture makers and other woodworkers since Colonial days. The large, dark green leaves turn yellow, orange and red in autumn. The centre of origin of Prunus serotina is South Mexica and Central America. The bark of young trees is smooth and reddish-brown, maturing to an interesting scaly texture. The tart fruit of the black cherry tree is an important source of nutrition for many animals, including deer, rabbits, foxes and squirrels. Birds, squirrels, deer, raccoon, black bears, ruffed grouse, opossum and turkey are among the animals that eat the fruit of black cherry. The tree is an important food source for many types of birds and small mammals, which eat the fruit as it ripens. Other than this, the wood or the bark of the Prunus serotina plant is used for cooking and smoking various foods, which, in turn, adds a very rich and unique flavour to the dish. Black cherry is valued for its many ornamental and practical uses. What Is a Use for a Black Cherry Tree?. The species is mainly found in North and South America. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : Black cherry is an important commercial tree. I find the trees themselves to be rather brittle. What they lack in stature, though, they make up for in … Other cherry trees most often function as decorative trees or fruit bearers. The flowers give rise to reddish-black "berries" fed on by birds, 5–10 mm (1 ⁄ 4 – 3 ⁄ 8 in) in diameter. The other tree also is friuting but not in clusters. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Black Cherry. Black cherry plant contains such enzymes and nutrients, which soothes down the working of hormones inside one’s body, thus controlling the movements and acting as an anti-inflammatory drug. In addition, Prunus serotina has helped as added sweet cherries in order to develop a sharp and crisp taste. The sweet-smelling inner bark of the black cherry tree is used to make black cherry syrup, often an ingredient in commercial cough medicines. She writes about a variety of topics, with a focus on sustainable, pesticide- and herbicide-free gardening. I have 20 acres and about 1/3 of the trees are black cherry-the remainder is maple, oak, black walnut and sassafras. I uses the black cheers for four different things. Black Cherry has many different names. a windstorm or heavy snowfall results in limbs becoming detached from the tree. These countries have recorded the highest production of Black Cherries in all times. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Prunus serotina is mainly classified as a fruit, but its plant comes under the section of shrub or small tree. Then another cherry type tree fruited..according to the pictures on this page the second tree is the black cherry..It has the cluster of fruit, pea sized. The bark, leaves and twigs of this tree are poisonous to livestock, although deer can eat the leaves without harm. Although the wood is relatively hard, it holds screws securely and is easy to saw. Black cherry also becomes musical instruments and architectural paneling, as well as millwork. Cherry trees have numerous uses in landscape design. Black cherry is the most important native cherry found throughout the eastern United States. When damaged, the leaves of the common black cherry produce cyanide, discouraging herbivory.