Pollination mechanism in the Papilionaceae: The members of Papilionaceae are all pollinated by bees and though they vary greatly in structure yet in the following points all are similar: 1. 5 sepals, polysepalous, imbricate, slightly petaloid inferior. (Fig. D.Strophostyles umbellata, with asymmetric flowers. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. It includes 600 genera and 1200 spices. Many trees of this family provide commercially important wood, for example. The family is also known as Fabaceae. Nitrogen Fixing bacteria live in these nodules. Stem: Herbaceous or Moody; Cylindrical, tendril climbers. The two petals fuse and form the “keel” protecting the stamens and carpel from rain. fabaceae family plants list with pictures, Chloroplast Structure and Function Detailed, Seed Dispersion And Seed dispersal methods. *FABACEAE - Caesalpinioideae Flower: Complete, Perfect. Peru balsam and Tolu balsam are obtained from Mysoxylon. Diagnostic features • Leaves simple or imparipinnately compound or palmate, leaf base pulvinate, leaflets stipellate. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, pentapartite, companulate, odd sepal anterior, imbricate aestivation, green, hairy. particularly. Content Guidelines 2. Herbs, shrubs or trees, generally climbers; leaves alternate, stipulate, simple or compound; flower zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, corolla papilionaceous, stamens 10 or 9 diadelphous or monadelphous; carpel one, fruit legume. This oil is … Herb, shrubs or tree, paripinnate compound leaves, inflorescence pendulous, flower hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, perigynous, calyx 5 united, corolla 5, stamen ten in number, free, ovary is with single carpal, fruit is a legume. Flower: Pedicillate; bracteate: actinomorphic or zygomorphic; regular: complete; hermaphrodite; pentamerous; hypogynous but slightly perigynous, Calyx: 5 or sometime 4 sepals: free or fused green S. Corolla: 5 sometimes 4 petals; free or united. Floral Formula Class 11 Biology 1. Calyx (K)=5, Distinct or Coalescent, inserted on Perigynous Zone (PZ). Soya-bean is supposed to contain very high percentage of proteins comparable to meat. A cultivated tree, root bark, seeds and leaves possess medicinal properties. What are the three important components of biodiversity? Indian Telegraph plant. Fruits: Some of the trees of this flowering plant angiosperm family yield edible fruits ( fit for human … All parts produce pungent juice rich in … 2. Opposite, ovate-elliptical, wavy margin, acute apex unicostate, reticulate venation. Exercise 11 Aim: Study and describe flowering plants of families Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae. Some are woody climbers, rarely, are used as vegetable. Most members exhibit xeromorphic characteristics. It is the upper posterior petal. The family Leguminosae is divided into 3 sub-families as: Sub-family 1. The symbols representing symmetry include (for actinomorphy) and , ↓, or ↑ (for zygomorphy). Medianly zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, pedicellate, slightly perigynous, complete and pentamerous. Androecium polyandrous in Ormosia, Baphia, Sophora. There are 11 genera and in Pakistan, Your email address will not be published. Floral Formula of Fabaceae Family (%) shows that the symmetry of the flower is monosymmetric or zygomorphic. Legume or pod, indehiscent (Dalbergia), lomentum (Alysicarpus). Gum is also obtained from Butea monosperma and Pterocarpus. In the Mimosoideae the flowers are radial symmetric or actinomorphic. MEGHNA June 7, 2015. this info is enough fom me thanks. Stamens 10 or rarely nine (Abrus, Dalbergia), diadelphous or monadelphous (Crotalaria), posterior stamen is free and filaments of nine are fused to form a sheath around the ovary; in Arachis ten stamens are monadelphous and in Sophora all ten stamens are free. Floral formulae of some important families of flowering plants: Family Fabaceae… Economic Importance of Fabaceae-Papilionaceae: Important Types of Fabaceae-Papilionaceae: The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. The subfamily Faboideae, also called Papilionoideae (classified as a family, Fabaceae or Papilionaceae, by some authorities), is the largest group of legumes, consisting of about 475 genera and nearly 14,000 species grouped in 14 tribes. Some cf. Fabaceae, Faboideae (Papilionoideae). ADVERTISEMENTS: Systematic position: Division: Spermatophyta Sub-division: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledone ADVERTISEMENTS: Sub-class: Polypetalae Series: Thalamiflorae Order: Parietales Family: Cruciferae (Brassicaccae). Some common plants are grown for their beautiful flowers. Reply. Petals 5, polypetalous, papilionaceous, standard, wings and keel, descending imbricate aestivation. The following is a list of Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Dye: A dye Katha is obtained from Acacia catechu. Inflorescence: Racemose or cymose, the flowers are clustered in heads. Flowers slightly irregular; calyx free or united, corolla free, imbricate; stamens 10 or few, free. Alternate, petiolate, stipulate, stipules foliaceous, pinnately compound, 2-6 leaflets, terminal leaflets modified into tendrils, leaflets entire, acute. It is regarded as the second largest family of dicotyledons. (Alfalfa) is one of the best forage crops. Accordingly the fused filaments have a passage on their upper sides and the single stamen becomes separate from the rest. The family divided into 3 sub-families based upon the floral characters. The floral characters are rather uniform. In Liliaceae, the flower is complete, bisexual, bracteate, trimerous, actinomorphic, hypogynous. 3. Floral formula: Distribution of Caesalpiniaceae: It is commonly called cassia family. the ovary is superior. The members of the family are distributed in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Adhesion is indicated by drawing a line above the symbols of the floral parts. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. • Flowers Zygomorphic • Corolla: Papilionaceous, descendingly imbricate aestivation, posterior petal outermost, • Petals clawed. They fuse to form a boat- shaped structure. are planted in the arid zones for breaking the wind pressure. Ramal and cauline, petiolate, stipulate, (stipules caduceus), alternate, paripinnately compound, pulvinus present at the base of leaf. Crotalaria juncea (Sunn Hemp or H-Swun) yields fibres, which are used for making rope, mat, coarse canvas, sacks, nets etc. As soon as an insect visit, the flower, they explode violently. Gum tragacinth is obtained from Astragalus gummifer. The name of the group probably originated because of the flower’s resemblance to a butterfly (Latin: papilio). In the Caesalpinioideae and Faboideae (see diagram) are most often zygomorphic or bilateral in simmetry. Stamens 10, diadelphous, nine are fused by the lower halves of their filaments to form a tube round the ovary and tenth posterior one free, anthers basifixed, introrse, dithecous, enclosed in the keel. These are hairy. Leaves alternate, stipulate and simple in some species (Indigofera cordifolia, Heylandia). It includes 600 genera and 1200 spices. Flowers actinomorphic; sepals and petals valvate; free or united, stamens 4 to many. Psoralea tetragonolaea) seeds are laxative, stimulant and produce a colourless essential oil. Its seeds have constant weight to an astonishing degree and traditionally used by goldsmiths. Floral formula and floral diagram of Fabaceae-Caesalpiniaceae. ADVERTISEMENTS: Vegetative Characters: Habit: Nearly all are herbs, annuals in the tropical and biennials in the colder parts. It is commonly called pea family. Floral Formula - Solanaceae Family Representation. The oil cake is used for cattle feeding. The family divided into 3 sub-families based upon the floral … Mungfali is also eaten after roasting. It is called Flame of the Forest or parrot tree. 10-stamens, monadelphous (all the filaments are fused to form a staminal tube in the genus) dithecous, dorsifixed and introrse. Learning Outcomes • Identify the parts of a flower; • Classify flower based on symmetry and floral parts; • Use the floral formula to describe a flower; and • Describe different types of flower cluster. Food: The flower buds of Bauhinia variegata (H. Kachnar) are used as vegetable. Monocarpellary; ovary superior, unilocular, marginal placentation, numerous ovules on the ventral suture; style long slightly bent at the apex, flattened, hairy or without hair (Mucuna): stigma simple or capitate (Mucana). Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (syn. shrubs or tree, stipulate alternate simple or compound leaves, flower hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, hypo or perigynous. Rupsa February 14, 2016. thanks it … Share Your PDF File Fabaceae (Mimosaceae) The plants of this family almost exclusively tropical or sub-tropical in distribution. The fresh juice of the leaves of Abrus precatorius (H. Ratti) is said to remove spots of leucoderma. What are the different sources of air pollution? Abaxial side (away from stem) of flower bud is at bottom of figures. Floral formula and floral diagram of Fabaceae-Caesalpiniaceae, This famiy 56. genera and about 2800 species. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. are used as ornamental plants in gardens. Pongamia pinnata (Syn. Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Fabaceae-Papilionaceae. In India the family is represented by 1100 species and 100 genea. 5. 1-Family floral formula 2-Family characteristics 3-Introduction to Fabaceae 4-Beans! The members of this family occur all over the world. These are two anterior most petals. have 5 sepals These petals are mostly united to form tube. Herbaceous, weak, cylindrical, branched, hairy, climber. The family is widely distributed, and is the third-largest land plant family in number of species, behind only the Orchidaceae and Asteraceae, with ab… Their wood is used for construction, for furniture or for fuel. 1. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, pentamerous, perigynous and cyclic. 5. Senna forms a Cytmetera. 2. In Medicago, Genista etc., the essential organs remain in a state of tension. C. Side view, one wing and keel petal removed, showing diadelphous stamen fusion. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Herbaceous or woody, erect or twinner, branched, angular or cylindrical, solid or fistular. The flowers are sold in the market by the name of “Tesu”. 3. Herbaceous, weak, fistular, branched, hairy. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments. Papilionaceae or papilionoideae: Flowers medianly zygomorphic; calyx gamosepalous, imbricate; corolla papilionaceous, vexillary; stamens 10, diadelphous or monadelphous. Because of root nodules many plants of this family can enrich the soil with fixed nitrogen. In Lupinus and Medicago stipules are adnate. It is rich in tartaric acid. In India the family is represented by 1100 species and 100 genea. Note large banner, outer to wing petals. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Alternate, petiolate, stipulate, stipules leafy, pinnately compound, imparipinnate, upper leaflets are modified into tendrils and help in climbing. Stipulate, stipules may be modified into leaves or thrones; parallel venation. Monocaepellary, ovary superior and unilocular with many ovules, placentation marginal, style short, stigma terminal and hairy. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic pentamerous, hypogynous. Rubaika July 13, 2015. it,s enough for me. P. glabra; H. Karanja): These plants are having pith like stem used for making sholar-hats, nets, baskets and rafts. Floral Formula, Floral Diagram& Plant Families Professor: Shaina Khan 2. Stamens 10, diadelphous, 9 fused in a single bundle, one free, anthers basifixed, dithecous, introrse. 4. Distribution of Fabaceae-Papilionaceae: The family is also known as Fabaceae. This sub-family has about 400 genera and 9000 species. TOS4. What is the reserve food material in red algae? Monocarpellary, slightly semi-inferior, unilocular, marginal placentation, style curved, capitate stigma. Search Search This lecture is being developed. Leaves: Petiolate; alternate: compound of pinnate type. Sepals 5, gamosepalous odd sepal anterior, sepaloid, ascending imbricate aestiva­tion. 00:02:37. Monocarpellary, ovary superior, unilocular, hairy, elongated, laterally compressed, marginal placentation ovules many, style long, stigma hairy. Sir J.C. Bose had done much work on the physiology of leaf movement in this species. Some of its plants give yellow and indigo dyes. In the manner in which pollen is applied to the bee four different types of structures are met with: 1. It has 16 genera and 60 species in Pakistan. In Melilotus, Trifolium etc., the stamens and stigma emerge from the carina and later return back to it thus admitting repeated insect visits. FABALES. It includes trees, shrubs, and perennial or annual herbaceous plants, which are easily recognized by their fruit (legume) and their compound, stipulate leaves. Papilionaceous: Characteristic flower of the subfamily Papilionoideae within the legume family (Fabaceae). Semi-technical descriptions of flowers of following families are: Fabaceae Family - Fabaceae Vegetative characters Herb Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. It is a blast fibre. The Fabaceae family is a large family of the plant kingdom, including several economically important plants. Principle: Taxonomy deals with identification, nomenclature and classification of organisms. 4. Pulses are rich in proteins. The leaves are compound (rarely simple), pinnate and, Stamen are 10 or less (rarely numerous). Cauline and ramal, alternate, stipulate, stipules free-lateral, petiolate, compound trifoliate, pulvinate, leaflets oblong-obovate, entire, emarginate, unicostate reticulate. It includes 375 genera. Many plants viz., Lathyrus odoratus, Clitoria, Sesbania, Lupinus, Genista, Robinia, etc. Floral Formula - Liliaceae Family Representation. The, It has simple pistil. Fabaceae Plants of the Pea Family (Previously known as the Legume Family: Leguminosae) If you have seen a pea or bean blossom in the garden, then you will be able to recognize members of the Pea family. The papilionaceous corolla is typical. The seeds of this plant are used by goldsmiths as small weights called “ratti”. The seeds of Arachis hypogea are pressed to obtain an oil. It is regarded as the second largest family of dicotyledons. Bentham and Hooker's system of classification is universally used for classification of plants. 3. Fabaceae are typically entomophilous plants (i.e. Main timber plants are. Economic Importance Wood: Many trees of this family provide commercially important wood, for example, Acacia, Albizzia and Xylia. They are also used for extraction of peanut oil. They, Habit: Mostly tree or shrubs. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Indigofera tinctoria yields a dye – the indigo (H. Neel). It is large and conspicuous. Do eukaryotic cells have restriction endonucleases? The flowers more or less horizontal and stigma and anthers are so exposed so as to contact the ventral part of the bee. There are 11 genera and in Pakistan. These are irregular flowers, with 5 petals forming a distinctive "banner, wings, and keel", as shown in … FAMILY 3: Fabaceae – Characters , Floral formula & Species Definations and Key points of Concepts Of Ecology About The Author sidra. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, valvate aestivation. Cauline or ramal; alternate, stipulate, compound mostly trifoliate sometimes simple as in Alysicarpus; modified partly or wholly into tendril (Lathyrus, Pisum, Vicia) leaf base may be pulvinate. Dalbergia sissoo (H. Shismam), D. latifalia (Indian rose wood) yield timber. Since the reproductive organs have to come in contact with the ventral side of the bee, it is evident that access to honey should be arranged in such a way that the bees have to pass above the reproductive organs. The plants show great variation in habit. Why does plant cell possess large sized vacuole? 1-Floral formula. Erythrina – (Indian Coral tree) is bird pollinated and produces beautiful red flowers. 00:02:16. A. Papilionaceous flower, face view. Caesalpiniaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Boraginaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Violaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types (With Diagram). The family is represented in India by 70 genera and 754 species. floral formula A summary of the structure and components of a flower using symbols and numbers. The standard serves to make the flower conspicuous. The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants. The juice of Sesbania grandiflora flowers is said to improve eye sight. ALLPPT.com _ Free PowerPoint Templates, Diagrams and Charts Presented by : Erinio Mahusay Flowers and Inflorescences 2. The parts of the flower are represented by K (for calyx), C (for corolla), P … Floral formula and floral diagram. The most common genera are; Acacia nilotica (kikar), mimosa pudica (lajvanti), Prosopis, Albizia lebbeck (shirin), etc. Flowers hermaphrodite, large and showy. This pistil has single carpel, single locule. Crotalaria medicaginea Lamk. The leaves of Cassia senna and Cassia obovata giN c a drug called Senna. In Desmodium gyrans the two lateral leaflets perform autonomous movements. Take one flower each of the families Fabaceae and Solanaceae and write its semi-technical description. Papilionaceae, Caesalpiniaceae and Mimosaceae by many botanists. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Petals 5, polypetalous, papilionaceous, posterior petal outermost large – the vexillium or standard; next two lateral ones-the wings or alae; and the two anterior and innermost united to form a boat-shaped structure – the keel or carina; descending imbricate or vexillary aestivation. 5 petals, polypetalous, imbricate, petals clawed and yellow in color, inferior. Many plant of this family provide timber for building, furniture and fuel. Petals 5, polypetalous, papilionaceous, consisting of a large posterior petal – the vexillum or standard, two lateral-alae or wings and two inner fused to form a boat shaped structure the keel or carnia, vexillary aestivation. colour, Stamens: j 0 or numerous stamens; polyandrous, in some cases. This sub-family has about 400 genera and 9000 species. I lerbs. Fabaceae - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. There are around 20,000 species of dicotyledonous Fabaceae plants widely distributed all over the world. Repeated insect visits are fruitful in these cases. They have IC) mostly diadelphous stamens. Share Your Word File Answer Now and help others. there are 5 clawed petals. Floral Formula - Fabaceae Family Representation. The most commonly found members of the family are Cassia fistula (amaltas), Bauhinia (kachnar – flowers used as vegetable), Tamarindus (imli), Poinciana (gul-e-mohr), Parkinsonia (vilayati kikar), Saraca indica (ashok) and Caesalpinia. Hence they are often used in crop rotation. Their wood is used for construction, for furniture or for fuel. Senn (1943) on the basis of comparative wood anatomy suggests that there is not much reason and sharp differences between these sub-families to separate them. The irregular (zygomorphic) flower is composed of five petals, including one banner petal or standard, two lateral wing petals, and two fused keel petals that enclose the gynoecium and stamens. Aeschynomene is an aquatic plant-. The representative species is Cassia fistula (Amaltas). 1.Medical importance:The leaves of cassia alata are used to cure ring worm and skin diseases. Side view, showing banner and one of two wing petals. Floral diagram and floral. Glycyrrhiza glabra (H. Mulathi) is used in throat pain and cough. The style is long bent at its base. particularly \A arm and temperate regions. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, bisexual, slightly perigynous , zygomorphic, slightly perigynous. Distributed worldwide, members of the family are generally characterized by compound leaves and the production of fruits known as legumes. The members of this family occur all over the world. Floral formula • A brief description of flower is represented in the form of floral formula and floral diagrams • The symbols used in writing floral formula are • Symmetry of flower- • Actinomorphic, ℅ Zygomorphic • Sex of flower • - Male, - Female or - Bisexual shrubs, vines, or tree. 4. Corolla (C)=5, Distinct, inserted on Perigynous Zone. The placentation is. Vegetative Characters of Fabaceae-Papilionaceae 3. Roots: Fibrous tap root often develops nodules in herbs. 5 sepals, gamosepalous, valvate, green, odd sepal anterior. The 9 stamens fused to form a sheath around the pistil. Better photos and more complete slide legends will be added later. The perianth is with 6 tepals, in two whorls 3 + 3, (polyphyllous or gamophyllous), often united into a tube, valvate aestivation, odd tepal anterior. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Commonly known as the pea family, Fabaceae features about 670 genera and nearly 20,000 species of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs. Privacy Policy3. 111 this case. 52.2): Herbaceous, aerial, erect, cylindrical, solid branched, hairy and green. This peanut oil is hydrogenated and used as vegetable oil. 5-Floral formula for Subfamily Mimoisoideae 6-Acacia tree 7-Bipinnately compound leaves 8-Albizia capitate inflorescence 9-Inga flower 10-Inga flower in longitudinal section 11-Albizia fruits 12-Seeds with U-shaped pleurogram 13-Acacia inflorescences Gum: Gum is obtained from Acacia nilotica and Acacia senegal. Economic Importance . What are the general characters of bryophytes? This family has 152 genera and 2300 species. Latest Comments. In India it is represented by 110 species and more than 21 genera. 5-petals, polypetalous, papilionaceous, descending imbricate (vexillary) aestivation, standard, wings and keel; yellowish in colour. They have papilionaceous corolla. These pulses are used as food. 00:03:55. It is converted into vegetable ghee after hydrogenation and largely used as substitute for pure ghee. Floral formula and floral diagram Papilionaceae. The members of this family are xerophytes, mesophytes, hydrophytes and halophytes (Desmodium lattifolium). 1. In Lupinus etc., a piston like mechanism squeezes pollen grains from the apex of the carina and thus permits numerous visits by insects. 2. 4-8 leaflets, opposite, sub sessile, ovate, entire, reticulate unicostate, glabrous. Family: Fabaceae (Pea family) Systematic position. Pushpendu Mondal. are belonged to this family. Floral Symmetry: Bilateral. they are pollinated by insects) and the flower are usually showy to attract the pollinators. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Economic Importance 4. Ten stamens, polyandrous, stamens unequal in length, three posterior stamens reduced to staminodes, anthers basfixed, inferior. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Habit: Annual or perennial. A–C.Wisteria sinensis. The common species of pulses are Grain, Pea, and Kidney bean. Perianth: +, Differentiated. The two ‘wings’ serve as a platform for the bees and also serve as a lever for depressing the carina. Physostigma venenosum has several alkaloids and sometimes used as an eye ointment. The 3 sub-families are considered as 3 separate families e.g. Floral organ initiation illustrating patterns of petal aestivation (the arrangement of petals in the flower bud) in Fabaceae, as viewed in scanning electron micrographs of representative species from each subfamily. B. Androecium (A)=10 or fewer, Distinct or variously united, inserted on Perigynous Zone. Economic Importance of Caesalpiniaceae: 1. genera and about 2800 species. Carpel: Monocarpillary: ovary superior, placentation marginal. In the Araceae, the individual flowers are small and inconspicuous (as you will see shortly, it is the inflorecences that is conspicuous). Racemose raceme, rarely solitary axillary. The plants may be herbs (Melilotus, Medicago, Trifolium), shrub, (Butea, Flemingia), climbers (Lathyrus, Pisum, Vicia), twinners (.Dolichos, Vigna) and trees (Dalbergia, Sesbania, Erythrina). It is a plant of waste places and is noted for the autonomous movements. Reply. In Lathyrus aphaca the entire leaf becomes modified into a tendril; in Pisum and Lathyrus the stipules are foliaceous and highly developed, in Pisum and Vicia the leaflets are modified into tendrils. Required fields are marked *. The family is represented by about 40 genera. The position of the mother axis with respect to the flower is represented by drawing a dot on the top of the floral diagram. Leaves compound and in many genera leaflets are modified into tendrils (Pisum, Lathyrus). Share Your PPT File. Trick To Learn Floral Formula And Diagrams Of Family Fabaceae Neet Important Questions Of Morphology Of Flowering Plants Zigya ... Solanaceae Liliaceae And Fabaceae Family An Overview Distinguish Between Families Fabaceae Solanaceae Liliaceae On Th Solanaceae Liliaceae And Fabaceae Family An Overview In Pisum, Vicia, Lathyrus, Phaseolus etc., the style has a brush of hairs which sweeps the pollen in small portions out of the apex of the keel. These petals are not similar. ... by which we can also draw the floral diagram. calyx 5 united, corolla 5 to many, stamen numerous, ovary is with single to many carpals. Many legumes have characteristic flowers and fruits. Distribution of Fabaceae-Papilionaceae 2. A much branched tap root system, bearing bacterial nodules. The fruits and seeds of Pisum sativum (H. Matar), Cicer arietinum, (H. Chana), Cajanus cajan (H. Arhar), Dolichos lablab (H. Sem), Vigna aconitifolius (H. Moth), Phaseolus radiatus (H. Moong), P. mungo (H. Urd), Lens esculenta (H. Masur), Glycine max (Soyabean) are used as vegetable and pulse. The family Fabaceae is also known as Leguminosae or Papilionaceae since it belongs to the pea or legume family. Also draw their floral diagram after studying them. Distinguishing Features Herb. Ornamental plants: Some important ornamental plants are Lathyrus (pea), Lupinus, Clitoria, Butea etc. There are about 135 genera in the family. Important Types. The combination of floral formula and floral diagram is often used to represent the floral symmetry, floral whorls and the other floral characteristics. (peanut) are edible. 2. The acidic fruit of. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, zygomorphic, hermaphrodite, hypogynous. (JIM) are edible. The sub-family contains 135 genera which are cosmopolitan in distribution. Monocarpellary, ovary superior, unilocular, marginal placentation, style one inflexed.