The glass works primarily made lead glass and was known for its use of color. Lacy Glass cup plates have been widely reproduced by many companies. The Sandwich Name. He retired at the age of 87. The factory was closed in 1888 amid disputes with a newly formed glassmakers' labor union. The company closed in 1888. In a nut shell, the book is a very detailed history that is definately NOT a casual read. Get the best deals on Sandwich Glass when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. Disqus. © 2020 - WorthPoint Corporation | 5 Concourse Parkway NE, Suite 2850. The final layer in the history of the sandwich is thanks to Otto Rohwedder of Davenport, Iowa, who in the 1920s invented the bread slicing machine. “understanding the history of Sandwich and its glass” The Sandwich Historical Society and its Glass Museum, collects, preserves and interprets the history of the Town of Sandwich, the oldest town on Cape Cod. Lacy-type and pressed pattern glass are the most readily available in today’s antique marketplace. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). And The Metropolitan Museum of Art produced very good quality reproductions for the Sandwich Museum. Sandwich made some of the best products and was one of the better known glass houses between 1830-1860. Consequently, “Sandwich” has become a generic term for pressed glass even though many other factories used identical machinery and, in some cases, identical molds. It was popular for glass houses to produce pieces to commemorate famous politician such as George Washington or Henry Clay, in addition to Naval ships and patriotic eagles. It is called lacy glass because of the busy pattern of scrolls and flowers on a stippled background that resembled fine lace. Other attempts were made to re-establish glassmaking in the old factory buildings. History of Sandwich glass, (Library of cape Cod history … 1 What pewter was for the 18th century, and plastic was for the 20th century, glass was for the 19th century – a material capable of being formed into a multitude of useful objects. Sandwich was a small town on Cape Cod that was rich in fuel, had easy access to major waterways, and was located only 50 miles from Boston. The Town that Glass Built Until 1825 Sandwich was a small close-knit community of farmers and fishermen. Timeless Designs. Yet by the 1880s glass manufacturing in Sandwich had largely ended. Two incarnations also called themselves the Boston & Sandwich Glass Company, … Today, many museums have a variety of Sandwich glass in their collections. Sandwich was a small town on Cape Cod that was rich in fuel, had easy access to major waterways, and was located only 50 miles from Boston. This means they closed before the period of depression glass. The men only worked four days a week and were off from Friday to Monday. The most accurate of the two would be in reference to the glassware produced by the Boston & Sandwich Glass Co., Cape Cod Glassworks, and their contemporaries in and around the town of Sandwich, Massachusetts, from the 1820s into the 1880s. The company closed in 1888 after its workers formed a “union” that demanded new rules and pay that the company could not deliver. The first items produced at the factory were tumblers, whale oil lamps, cruets, glass hats, jugs and bottles. Corrections? Deming Jarves founded the Boston & Sandwich Glass Factory in 1825. Sep 17, 2013 - Explore Anne Kern's board "Boston and Sandwich Glass", followed by 615 people on Pinterest. Edward Gibbon, author of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, is credited with being the first person to write down the word “sandwich” using … Jarves received several patents for his improvements in glass mold designs and pressing techniques. Blown-molded wares were blown into three part molds and were meant to imitate the cut glass that was popular at the time. The occurrence or reoccurrence of certain shards from a piece of glass or certain fragments in color combination and/or designs clearly indicate that the pieces were made at Sandwich. The one thing that Sandwich didn’t have was fine sand (they had sand that was too coarse), so they had to bring sand in from New Jersey and Western Massachusetts. As a rule of thumb, in pressed pattern glass, the simpler the pattern the earlier the item. The men thought that the company was just bluffing, but on Jan. 2, 1888 the furnaces were extinguished. A large part of Sandwich history is involved with American glass production. Almost every conceivable item of tableware—as well as vases, lamps, scent bottles, and other objects—was made in pressed glass, in which patterns were given a stippled background. Tiara glassware, manufactured by the Indiana Glass Company of Dunkirk, Indiana, was sold at home parties from 1970 to 1999. This repertoire was very large, as has been established not only from the many pieces surviving in collections but also from excavations carried out on the factory site during the 1930s, which revealed many fragments of hitherto unlisted patterns. A History of The Sandwich Glass Company. Deming Jarvis started the Boston and Sandwich Glass Factory in 1825. Current Values of Antique Glass. This production tended to overshadow other types of Sandwich glass that also achieved distinction, including a “striped” blown glassware and opaline glass, notably in a ruby-red colour. At that time it underwent it's most dramatic change when Boston businessman Deming Jarves built a glass factory by the site of the current Boardwalk. U.S. Glass reproduced many patterns in the early 1900’s, and Fenton and Westmorland made reproductions in the 1970’s. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Sandwich became famous, however, chiefly for its early pressed glass (glass pressed in a mold), for which the first American machinery was developed by Jarves around 1827. Jarves’s first patent on a pressing…, Glassware, any decorative article made of glass, often designed for everyday use. The Boston & Sandwich Glass Company was established here in 1825. They also produced octagonal wares that were referred to as “lacy” glass. The Boston & Sandwich glass factory’s products were largely pressed glass and included a remarkable range of items. It had an immediate impact on the town and converted it from a small farming community to a … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Posted by: Audra Blevins on 8th Jun. A large part of Sandwich history is involved with American glass production. By Toby Aulman. The company produced lead-based glass and was responsible for several early advances in the production of glass. Sandwich Glass Museum. Miller’s most famous design is Three Face inspired by the profile of his wife Elizabeth Bair Miller. Original prices averaged from $10 to $60 per piece, making the glassware popular as an alternative to higher-priced depression glass because of its similar coloring and pressed glass patterns. Sandwich became famous, however, chiefly for its early pressed glass (glass pressed in a mold), for which the first American machinery was developed by … Sandwich Glass: The History of The Boston & Sandwich Glass Company. The designs, quality and craftsmanship continue to make Boston and Sandwich Glass a favorite with collectors. From very early times glass has been used for various kinds of vessels, and in all countries where the industry has been developed glass has been produced in a great variety of forms and kinds of decoration, much of…. There were several other glass companies that opened in the town of Sandwich. They produced many other exhibitions and came to focus primarily on interpreting the glass industry of the town in its Sandwich Glass Museum, yet still collecting the historical material of Sandwich’s past. Omissions? American Glass Cup Plates. The Sandwich Co-operative Glass Company, 1888-1891, produced simple items as this spatter bell and oil lamp. Collecting Sandwich glass can be both rewarding and confusing for the novice. The factory was established by Deming Jarves and produced glass of different types, including blown, molded, cut, and engraved. The main mold designer was Hiram Dillaway. https://www.britannica.com/art/Sandwich-glass, Sandwich glass - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Sandwich Glass Museum: Glass history - See 727 traveler reviews, 280 candid photos, and great deals for Sandwich, MA, at Tripadvisor. Most started working there as young boys and left as old men. Engaging Glass Blowing Demonstration and History of the Art We sat on benches to watch glass being made using different techniques throughout history and in Sandwich, the oldest town on Cape Cod. POSTCARDS Sandwich was an important fishing village in its early years. The glass was often blown into molds made of brass that were tightened with screws or levers. When looking for early Sandwich glass, keep in mind that molded glass was in its infancy and that seams are a bit rough. The Spruce / Pamela Wiggins Depression glass brought a little cheer into the dreary times of the late 1920s through the early 1940s. The anecdote of John Montagu at the gaming table might even be true, as a record of the event exists in print. There is an extensive walk- through gallery featuring historical and contemporary exhibits. Rare pieces can fetch ten to fifty thousand dollars. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ruth Webb Lees Sandwich Glass Handbook. The village of Sandwich was settled in the 1630's amid the ponds and rivulets of Cape Cod. In the 1930’s, excavations at the original factory turned us hundreds of thousands of shards that have helped establish and prove that certain styles and patterns were made there. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. (Courtesy Sandwich Glass Museum) In 1825, entrepreneur Deming Jarves arrived in Sandwich to build his glass making operations, the Boston & Sandwich Glass Company (B&S). Look for pieces that were finished with applied, not molded, handles and rims. When looking for Sandwich glass, be careful: there are reproductions out there. After the Civil War, glassmaking became more competitive, and the company saw their profits slide. Get the best deals on Anchor Hocking Sandwich Depression Glassware when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. Sandwich glass, glass made by the Boston and Sandwich Glass Company at the village of Sandwich, Mass., 1825–88. Updates? Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. These early wares were made primarily in clear, but can also be found in yellow, amethyst, opalescent, and a variety of reds and blues. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The factory was one of the earliest to produce pressed glass. In 1888, several remaining glass workers created a new glass company and attempted to restart the glass industry in Sandwich. Wikipedia entry on the Boston and Sandwich Glass Company, White whale oil lamps from the Boston and Sandwich factory. Tweet. Keeping you informed, connected, and involved in the antiques and collectibles industry, Your WorthPoint Account is Suspended: Please update your billing information in. Founded in 1907, The Sandwich Historical Society had its first glass exhibit in 1925 commemorating a century of Sandwich glass. Sandwich glass The Boston and Sandwich Glass Company was incorporated in 1826 to hold the glass factory built a year earlier in Sandwich, Massachusetts, by Deming Jarves. Because of his Reminiscences of Glassmaking, extensive advertisements, and thorough excavations of the factory site in Sandwich, Massachusetts, more is known about this particular factory than any other of the period. The other usage of the term … 2 Comments. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Watch out for Sandwich glass reproductions. They warned workers saying,“ It the fires go out, they will never be re-lit”. With a history of producing the highest quality glass, examples of Pairpoint’s timeless designs can be found in over 30 museums across the country, including the decorative arts collections of New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Boston’s Museum of Fine Arts. The phrase "Sandwich Glass" is used to refer to two different categories of glassware. When Jarvis purchased the land for the factory, he purchased the surrounding 20,000 acres of forest so that the company would not have to pay for wood to burn in the furnaces. Your WorthPoint account has been suspended. He worked at Duncan for 52 years, never missing a day of work. Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Pontil Scars (But Were Afraid To Ask)? Sandwich glass, glass made by the Boston and Sandwich Glass Company at the village of Sandwich, Mass., 1825–88. What is the history of sandwich glass? They produced free-blown wares, hand-cut items and mold pressed pattern glass. In 1891 the United States Glass Company formed a trust by the merger of several glass companies. There are many patterns available form simple loop and dart to bellflowers to historical patterns. In the beginning, Sandwich employed about 70 men. During this time, the factory employed around 500 men, and produced over 6,000 tons of glass daily. NOW 50% OFF! The sandwich has a long history, but it hasn’t always been as embraced in America as it is now. His pressed glass has some kinship with French Baccarat pressed glass, which had a parallel development from around 1830, though Sandwich glass has a different repertoire of ornament, less classical than its French counterpart. Anchor Hocking Glass Corporation continued to expand into other areas of production such as tableware, closure and sealing machinery, and toiletries and cosmetic containers through the expansion of existing facilities and the purchase of Baltimore, Maryland based Carr-Lowry Glass Company and the west coast Maywood Glass. Early American Pressed Glass. Georgia 30328 | 877.481.5750, By continuing to use the site, you are consenting to the use of cookies as explained in our, Dating Bottles with the Side Mold Seam–The Myth. comments powered by The Sandwich Historical Society and its Glass Museum, collects, preserves and interprets the history of the Town of Sandwich, the oldest town on Cape Cod. Sandwich glass takes its roots in 1826 with the founding of the prolific Boston and Sandwich Glass Company by Deming Jarves. Many companies made similar patterns and it is often difficult to know for certain if a piece of glass was made by Boston and Sandwich Company. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …of the factory site in Sandwich, Massachusetts, more is known about this particular factory than any other of the period. By the 1920s there were no glass manufacturers on Cape Cod. From subs to the panini, open face to pita, BLT to po'boys, the sandwich is a universal "on-the-go" easy meal. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Sandwich Glass Museum is owned and operated by the Sandwich Historical Society, who established the museum in the early 1920s to preserve and showcase the rare glass. The site was chosen for ease of transportation and boats could actually dock at the plant. Atlanta, The story begins in 1923 when Indiana Glass introduced a pattern of glassware called Avocado, which is considered to be the very first Depression Glass Pattern. Mass-produced by manufacturers such as Federal Glass, MacBeth-Evans, and Hocking Glass, this molded glassware came in … Sandwich glass is a type of pressed glass: an apparatus, which is operated by a lever, is used to depress the liquid glass into a hand-carved, metal form. History of Sandwich glass, (Library of cape Cod history & genealogy) [Burgess, Bangs] on Amazon.com. In glassware: After the War of 1812 …England Glass Company, founded the Boston and Sandwich Glass Company in 1825. The factory was established by Deming Jarves and produced glass of different types, including blown, molded, cut, and engraved. The Boston & Sandwich Glass Company was founded in 1825 in the town of Sandwich, Massachusetts (Cape Cod). Please go to the Settings from the Mobile app for more details. Jarvis hired the most skilled artisans of the time from all over the world. Deming Jarvis started the Boston and Sandwich Glass Factory in 1825. The factory grew rapidly into one of the largest producers of glassware in the country. The company took care of their workers, and,even built houses for them close to the factory. No less an authority than Edward Gibbon, he of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire fame, puts his stamp of approval on the story.. 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