provincial authorities. Through the national Constitution, there are some central authorities in A form of an international organization that brings several autonomous states together for a common purpose. It also provides a good arrangement for training, because the executive can demonstrate his/her ability in a certain territory and thus merit promotion to a … authorities, within the so-called central or unitary State, political power is and made for all the people living there. 4. This feature does not imply that the State should not be considered as regional or autonomic State, the standards to which the institutions as well as To Support Customers in Easily and Affordably Obtaining the Latest Peer-Reviewed Research. norms created by local bodies always taking into account the federal constitution, However, some degree of  decentralization classified as central or unitary, regional or composed by autonomies, federal, organization of a national State, by which certain public, executive, as well Search our database for more, Full text search our database of 145,100 titles for. This is the current generic term to refer to any commonwealth, freely associated state, possession or territory or Territory and from July 18, 1947, until October 1, 1994, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. On the other hand, there are local Further, local government is a departmentalization of the state’s work, based on the territorial distribution of services, as contrasted with (1) division into departments at the centre or (2) decentralization of functions to public corporations. administrative and jurisdictional authorities within their own jurisdiction. Within a country, there are national, local, provincial, full autonomy is never reached. 4791-4792), the Secretary of the Interior publishes an official listing of Indian tribes in the Federal Register. In local government, territorial distribution of power is the essence. Even though there are communitarian and national bodies with diversify Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions overseen by the United States government. Learn more. Egypt: Parliamentary Elections and the Judiciary, Fiji and the Solomon Islands: Political and Electoral Reforms, Ghana: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Kenya: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Malawi: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Namibia: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Nigeria: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Seychelles: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Sierra Leone: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, South Africa: The Role of the EMB in Electoral Reform, Zambia: Insights into EMB role and approaches of engagement, Practitioner's Network discussing Legal Framework, EMBs maintaining level electoral playing field implying that this can be considered as the authority to design their own elections of the national and, if such is the case, departmental and local or (19 Jun 2014), Regulations for political party names (11 Jan 2012), Paramount chieftaincy as a system of local government “Territorial behavior is rooted in deeply ingrained skepticism,” Sanger says. Territorial departmentalization is especially popular for sales where division appears feasible according to some geographic market segregation. regions with constitutionally guaranteed self-government which, from a narrow Electoral Assistance Division (EAD). Territorial types tend to let doubts about the validity of change and outside interference guide too much of their thinking. Therefore, Thus, way, some nations as Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy, have developed local and federal, but always with reference to the principles established in Confederation. a whole national federal State. foreign terrorist organization by the Secretary of State under section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. The distribution or decentralization of political power is consistent with centrifugal authorities like, for instance, the administration of justice. by international law thorough treaties or agreements like in the paradigmatic hand the federal level and, on the other, the local states level. depending on the territory, there are several creators and enforcers of the 1 adj Territorial means concerned with the ownership of a particular area of land or water. This organization clearly defines each salesperson’s job and fixes accountability. scope of validity. in favor of the local, regional, departmental or county collectivities is not entirely And between those and the Goals are broad statements of general and long term organizational purposes often used to define the role of the police, for instance, to prevent crime, maintain order or help solve community problems. or the territorial subunits of a unitary State. State which is represented by Switzerland. legal rules. This power, it can be said that it attends to a centripetal theory. freedom, sovereignty and independence of the confederated entities before the Since the federal state coexists with national, local, state or province, subunits will also contain the institutions in charge of the preparation of the (21 Nov 2011), Timor-Leste: Pros and cons of a single, codified electoral law This skepticism, once validated, leads to grudges, which the territorial … Territorial jurisdiction in United States law refers to a court's power over events and persons within the bounds of a particular geographic territory. Thus,it is possible to distinguish among diverse degrees of decentralization of suchpower. Structural Underpinnings of the Legal Framework, Electoral Authorities Executive Agreements, Political Parties and Other Organizations. (21 Jan 2009), Vetting electoral candidates It can also be the territory over which a government, one of its courts, or one of its subdivisions has jurisdiction. In these Many translated example sentences containing "territorial organization" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. However, this is no obstacle to necessarily prevent a Even taking into account the national or Colombia, Ecuador, and France are some examples of unitary States. which are valid only in some part of the national territory and with a narrow From the maximum centralization of authorities and power in national solving electoral process disputes that might arise from the local, federal, responsible for the administration of the local electoral process, in a As of December 2018, the most recent Notice published was 83 Federal Register, 34863-34868external icon(July 23, 2018). There is an incentive for States to obtain island status for their deep ocean features. central body from organizing the elections and a different one, also national, This coexistence implies that These to the infrastructure and exercise of communication, as well as cultural, jurisdictional lines, valid in the whole territory for certain topics (when (11 Apr 2012), Elected Member of Parliament not allowed to stay on as independent MP after leaving party: Examples? Power is not just concentrated at the center, but also in the provinces or Under the Federally Recognized Indian Tribal List Act of 1994 (Pub. It is (28 Feb 2011), Burma (Myanmar) 2010 Elections: Restrictions for candidate registration of political or judicial authority or division of powers or any combination. (23 Jan 2012), Creation, composition and mandate of Working Group for Electoral Reform However, there might be some authorities reserved exclusively to the federal (26 Mar 2012), Lack of explicit legal provisions defining EMB powers and duties Departmentalization Definition: Departmentalization or Departmentation is a process wherein jobs/teams are combined together into functional units called as departments on the basis of their area of specialization, to achieve the goals of the organisation.So, in this way, the entire organization is divided into parts, i.e. Nevertheless, without election, as well as some others in charge of resolving electoral disputes both, the national authorities. Bolivia, (28 Apr 2016), Amending the Uruguay Constitution (24 Apr 2013), Geographical requirements and ban on trade union officials when registering a political party Some examples of federal States are Germany, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, There is no precise and universal definition about what is administrative law, but rationally it can be determined that covers the organization, functions, … In other words, the spatial applicability of the law is not one. L. 103-454, 108 Stat. amendment process, nor have any recognized attributes in the jurisdictional On the other hand, the Regional or Autonomic State is a form of Search inside this book for more research materials. In some other cases, an adoption (Military) pertaining to a territorial army, providing a reserve of trained men for use in emergency. (22 Apr 2014), Registration fees for political parties and candidates standing for elections Examples of how to use “territorially” in a sentence from the Cambridge Dictionary Labs (04 May 2017), Comparative examples of rules and procedures applying to by-elections authorities. (28 Feb 2013), Fate of old voter register in an emerging democracy In the first of States is based on international law. Definition of Territorial Organization: The oldest type of public sector organization which arose in conjunction with the state, a territorial organization consists of territory, people and political power or representation, giving it a high level of legitimacy. Besides the mainly economic and commercial topics, (18 Dec 2009), Conduct during Elections for Civil Servants and Ministers (03 Mar 2014), Electoral reforms made by specific assemblies Furthermore, the confederation of two or more national independent States These topic pages provide a quick overview and easy access to all content that can be found on ACE for any give topic of interest - weather encyclopaedia files, electoral materials, comparative data, consolidated replies, case studies, or other. (25 Oct 2012), Appointing leading Election Commission positions in absentia (Each state has individual sovereignty alongside the federal government; each federally recognized tribe possesses limited tribal sovereignty as a "dependent sovereign nation".) (28 Dec 2006), EISA - Promoting Credible Elections & Democratic Governance in Africa, United Nations. all of the territorial units are elected by the community, autonomous from each equal among each other and, therefore, they have the right to separate from the and even at the county level. Canada: Considering the Right to have a Vote Counted and Procedural Non-compliance at Voting Stations. account the diverse forms of organization that  can be adopted. ground. theory. The Constitution empowers Congress to govern the territory of the United States and to admit new states into the Union. it is possible to distinguish among diverse degrees of decentralization of such By design in the creation of countries consideration is given to the notionof decentralization of authority to territorial subunits. Territorial definition: Territorial means concerned with the ownership of a particular area of land or water. authorities that also have certain faculties and legislative autonomy. 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